Kesumba seeds
Bixa Orellana L.
lipstick components

How to Cite

Indriana, M., & salman, salman. (2021). THE USE OF KESUMBA (Bixa orellana L.) FRUIT EXTRACT AS LIPSTICK COLORS. Journal of Pharmaceutical And Sciences, 4(2), 74-80.
Abstract viewed = 119 times
pdf downloaded = 62 times


Recently, there have been hundreds of lip color cosmetics on the market in various colors. However, not all lip colors are safe to use. Without realizing it, there are lip dyes that contain dyes that are dangerous and are prohibited because they can cause irritation to the skin and respiratory tract. Therefore, it is better to use natural dyes. One of the sources of natural dyes is the fruit of kesumba. Extracts from simplicia of kesumba seeds were made by percolation using 96% ethanol as a solvent. The lipstick formulation formula consists of Cera alba, vaseline alba, lanolin, carnauba wax, cetyl alcohol, oleum ricini, propylene glycol, titanium dioxide, butylhydroxytoluene, tween 80, rose oil (oleum rosae), and nipagin, as well as the addition of kesumba seed extract with concentrations of 15%, 17.5%, 20%, 22.5%, and 25%. Tests on the preparations made included examination of the melting point, homogeneity, lipstick strength, stability test against changes in shape, color, and odor during 30 days of storage at room temperature, smear test, and pH examination, and irritation test preference test (Hedonic test). The results of the research that the extract of the kesumba fruit seed can be formulated in lipstick preparations with a light yellow to dark maroon color. The formulation of the kesumba seed extract in the lipstick preparation shows that the preparation is relatively stable homogeneous, the melting point is 58°C, has a good lipstick strength, the pH ranges from 6.3 to 5.7 (according to the pH of the skin) easy to apply with an even color. , does not irritate, so it is safe to use; the pretty preferred preparations are preparations 2, 3, and 4, namely the formula with extracts of kesumba seeds with concentrations of 17.5%, 20%, and 22.5%.


Anonymousa. (2008). Lip balm. Retrieved 31 January, 2012. coloring.

Anonymousb. (2010). Bixa Oreliana Linn or Kesumba. Accessed 31 January, 2012.

Balsam, MS (1972). Cosmetic Science and Technology Second Edition. London. John Willy and Son, Inc. Case. 64, 209-371.

BPOM RI. (2003). Decree of the Head of the Food and Drug Supervisory Agency of the Republic of Indonesia Number. KH. About Cosmetics.

Retrieved 10 September 2012.

BPOM RI. (2009). Public Warning / Warning Number. KH. 11 June 2009. Accessed September 15, 2012. http://www.pom.go. id/ public/public warning/default.asp

Directorate General of POM. (1979). Indonesian Pharmacopoeia. Third Edition. Jakarta: Indonesian Ministry of Health. Case. 7, 33.

Directorate General of POM. (1985). Indonesian Cosmetics Formulary. Jakarta: Indonesian Ministry of Health. Case. 83, 85,


Directorate General of POM. (2000). General Standard Parameters of Medicinal Plant Extracts. Jakarta: Indonesian Ministry of Health. Hal: 7.

Hariana, HA (2007). Medicinal Plants and Their Benefits Series 2. Jakarta: Self-help Disseminator, p. 32-33.

Harborne, JB (1987). Phytochemical Method. Determination of Modern Ways of Analyzing Plants. Translated by Kosasih Padmawinata. Bandung: ITB. Case. 76-78.

Keithler. (1956). Formulation of Cosmetic and Cosmetic Specialties. New York: Drug and Cosmetic Industry. Case. 153-155.

Mitsui, Takeo. (1997). New Cosmetic Science. Amsterdam: Elsveir Science. Case. 3, 19-21, 121, 386.

Poucher, WA (1979). Perfumes, cosmetics and soaps. 7th ed. London. Chapman an Hall. p.390

Rowe, CR, Paul JS, and Marian EQ (2009). Handbook of Pharmaceutical Excipients. Sixth Edition. Washington: Pharmaceutical Press. Case. 75, 378, 442, 592, 742.

Rawlins, EA (2003). Bentley's Text Book of Pharmaceutics. 18th Ed. London. Bailierre Tindall. Case. 355. Soekarto, ST, (1981). Organoleptic Assessment. Center for Food Technology Development. Bogor: IPB Press. Case. 45.

Tranggono, RI & Latifah, F. (2007). Cosmetic Science Handbook. Jakarta: PT. Main Library Gramedia. Case. 3, 6-8, 11, 19-20, 90.

Suharti, N., Salman, Muslim, S., Dwisari, D., Febriyenti, Idris, & Akmal, D. (2016). Coating of Urea Granules for Slow Release Fertilizer Using Bioblend Polystyrene/Polycaprolactone. Research Journal Of Pharmaceutical Biological And Chemical Sciences, 7(1), 1691-1699.

Vishwakarma, B., Dwivedi, S., Dubey, K., and Joshi, H. (2011). int. J. of Drug Discovery & Herbal

Research. Ujjain Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Ujjain. (MP) - India. Case. 18-19.

Wasitaatmadja, SM (1997). Medical Cosmetic Science Guide. Jakarta: LA-Press. Case. 26, 28, 122, 124. Wibowo, DS (2005). Human Body Anatomy. Jakarta: Grasindo. Case. 165.

Winarto, WP (2007). Indonesian Medicinal Plants for Herbal Medicine Volume 1. Jakarta: Karyasari Herba Media. Case. 165-166.

Young, A. (1974). Practical Cosmetic Science. London: Mills & Boon Limited. Case. 8.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Download data is not yet available.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>