Antioxidant Activities from Ethanol Extract, Hexane, Ethyl Acetate, and Water Fractions of Kapulaga Leaf (Elettaria cardamomum (L.) Maton)
PDF (Bahasa Indonesia)


Elettaria cardamomum

How to Cite

ASRA, R., Azni, N., Rusdi, R., & Nessa, N. (2019). Antioxidant Activities from Ethanol Extract, Hexane, Ethyl Acetate, and Water Fractions of Kapulaga Leaf (Elettaria cardamomum (L.) Maton). Journal of Pharmaceutical And Sciences, 2(1), 30-37.
Abstract viewed = 2349 times
PDF (Bahasa Indonesia) downloaded = 948 times


This study aims to determine the antioxidant activity of the ethanol extract, hexane fraction, ethyl acetate fraction and water fraction of cardamom leaves (Elettaria cardamomum (L.) Maton). Dried of cardamom leaves was extracted by maceration using 70 % ethanol, then followed by fractionation based on the level of polarity with hexane, ethyl acetate, and water solvents. Antioxidant activity examination was determined using reagent DPPH using UV-Visible spectrophotometry and gallic acid as standard. The results of phytochemical screening showed that ethanol extract and water fraction of cardamom leaves contains phenol, flavonoids, tannins, and saponins, for ethyl acetate fraction contains phenol, flavonoids, and tannins, for hexane fraction the results were negative for all the compounds tested. The results of the antioxidant activity examination of ethanolic extract, hexane fraction, ethyl acetate fraction and water fraction of cardamom leaves showed the IC50 of 4058.7 μg/mL, 8419.3 μg/mL, 2281.7 μg/mL, and 3889.6 μg/mL respectively, whereas gallic acid showed the IC50 value of 4.89 μg/mL. Based on IC50 values ethanol extract, hexane fraction, ethyl acetate fraction and water fraction of cardamom leaves have weak antioxidant activity compared to gallic acid which has high antioxidant activity.
PDF (Bahasa Indonesia)


Banu, K. S. & Cathrine, L. (2015). General technique involved in phytochemical analysis. International Journal of Advanced Research in Chemical Science (IJARCS). 2(4): 25-32.

Departemen Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. (1985). Cara Pembuatan simplisia. Jakarta : Departemen Kesehatan Republik Indonesia.

Departemen Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. (1995). Materia Medika Indonesia (Jilid VI). Jakarta: Direktorat Jenderal Pengawasan Obat dan Makanan.

Departemen Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. (2000). Parameter standar umum ekstrak tumbuhan obat. Jakarta: Direktorat Jenderal Pengawasan Obat dan Makanan.

Hanani, E. (2017). Analisis fitokimia. Jakarta: Buku kedokteran EGC.

Harborne. J.B. (1987). Metode fitokimia: penuntun cara modern menganalisis tumbuhan. Penerjemah: K. Padmawinata., & I. Soediro. Bandung: ITB.

Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. (2010). Farmakope herbal Indonesia. (Suplemen I). Jakarta: Kementrian Kesehatan Indonesia.

Khatri, P., Rana, R. S., Jamdagni, P., & Sindhu, A. (2017). Phytochemical screening, GC-MS and FT-IR analysis of methanolic extract leaves of Elettaria cardamomum. International Journal of Research, 5(2), 213-224.

Molyneux, P. (2004). The use of the stable free radical diphenylpicrylhydrazyl (DPPH) for estimating antioxidant activity. Songklanakarin J. Sci. Technol. 26(2), 211-219.

Mosquera, O. M., Correa, Y. M. Buitrago, D. C., & Jaime, N. (2007). Antioxidant activity of twenty five plants from colombian biodiversity. Inst Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de janeiro, 102(5), 631-634

Peraturan Menteri Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. (2016). Formularium obat herbal asli Indonesia. Jakarta: Menteri Kesehatan Republik Indonesia.

Pourmorad, F., Hosseinimehr, S. J., & Shahabimajd, N. (2006). Antioxidant activity phenol and flavonoid content of some selected iranian medicinal plantsm. Africa Journal of Biotechnology, 5(110), 1142-1145.

Sari, P. E., Simanjuntak, S. B. I., & Winarsi, H. (2014). Aktivitas enzim superoksida dismutase tikus diabetes yang diberi ekstrak daun kapulaga (Amomum cardamomum). Jurnal Scripta Biologica, 1(3), 193-196.

Sayuti, K., & Yenrina, R. (2015). Antioksidan alami dan sintetik. (Cetakan 1). Padang: Andalas University Press

Silalahi, M. (2017). Bioaktivitas Amomum compactum Soland Ex Maton dan perspektif konservasinya. Jurnal Pro-Life, 4(2), 320-328.

Winarsi, H. (2007). Antioksidan alami dan radikal bebas. (Cetakan 1). Yogyakarta: Kanisius.

Winarsi, H., Sasongko, N. D., Purwanto, D., & Nuraini, I. (2013). Ekstrak daun kapulaga menurunkan indeks atherogenik dan kadar gula darah tikus diabetes induksi alloxan, Jurnal Agritech, 33(3), 273-280.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

Journal Pharmaceutical And Sciences (JPS) is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Share. According to license under a Commons Attribution Non-Commercial ShareAlike 4.0

Authors retain the copyright to their work. Users can freely read, print, copy, and distribute material/works in any form, media, or format, provided the author and Journal Pharmaceutical And Sciences (JPS) are properly credited or cited. Authors are permitted to also store the published article at other websites or database systems.

Authors are permitted to distribute the published article to colleagues, post it to open websites - non-commercial, reuse of portions or extracts from the articles in other works, and text & data mining. However, authors are not allowed to send their manuscript to other scientific journals once it has been decided to be reviewed by reviewers at Journal Pharmaceutical And Sciences (JPS).


Download data is not yet available.